20 Tips for Planning Trip to Uganda

Planning trip to Uganda? Get ready to embark on an adventure of a lifetime! Nestled in the heart of East Africa, Uganda is a captivating destination that boasts diverse landscapes, rich wildlife, and a vibrant culture. From the iconic gorillas of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park to the breathtaking landscapes of Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda offers a myriad of experiences for every type of traveler.

Understanding Uganda

Before diving into the planning process, it’s essential to familiarize yourself with Uganda’s geography, climate, and cultural aspects. Learn about Uganda’s diverse regions, such as the lush forests of Kibale, the stunning Murchison Falls, and the serene Lake Bunyonyi. Gain insights into the country’s climate patterns to determine the best time to visit based on your preferences and interests. Additionally, immerse yourself in the local customs and traditions to better appreciate the rich cultural tapestry of Uganda.

Must-Visit Destinations

Uganda is blessed with an array of incredible destinations that cater to various interests. Explore the dense forests of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, home to the endangered mountain gorillas, and embark on a life-changing gorilla trekking experience. Discover the vast savannahs of Queen Elizabeth National Park, where you can spot lions, elephants, and numerous bird species. Don’t miss the chance to visit the Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary or explore the scenic wonders of Jinja, known as the adventure capital of East Africa.

Wildlife Encounters

Uganda is a wildlife enthusiast’s paradise. Plan your itinerary to include unforgettable encounters with Uganda’s iconic creatures. Apart from gorilla trekking, embark on thrilling game drives to spot the Big Five in their natural habitats. Seek out chimpanzees in Kibale Forest National Park, track the elusive tree-climbing lions of Ishasha, or go bird watching along the shores of Lake Victoria. Uganda’s wildlife experiences are unparalleled and will leave you in awe.

Adventure and Outdoor Activities

For those seeking an adrenaline rush, Uganda offers a plethora of adventure activities. Experience the powerful rapids of the Nile River on a white-water rafting excursion or go kayaking on the tranquil waters of Lake Bunyonyi. Embark on a multi-day hiking adventure to conquer the snow-capped peaks of the Rwenzori Mountains, also known as the “Mountains of the Moon.” Whether it’s zip-lining, quad biking, or bungee jumping, Uganda has it all.

Practical Considerations

When planning your trip, several practical considerations need attention. Research visa requirements and ensure you have the necessary vaccinations for your visit. Find reputable tour operators who specialize in Ugandan travel and can assist you in crafting a personalized itinerary. Consider your budget and choose accommodations that suit your preferences, from luxury lodges to budget-friendly guesthouses. Additionally, familiarize yourself with local customs, transportation options, and safety guidelines to ensure a smooth and secure journey.

20 Essential Tips for Planning an Unforgettable Trip to Uganda

  1. Research and plan in advance.
  2. Obtain necessary travel documents.
  3. Vaccinations and health precautions.
  4. Travel insurance.
  5. Choose the best time to visit.
  6. Plan for gorilla trekking.
  7. Pack appropriately.
  8. Respect local customs and traditions.
  9. Stay hydrated.
  10. Engage with local communities.
  11. Wildlife encounters.
  12. Support responsible tourism.
  13. Transportation.
  14. Learn about local cuisine.
  15. Currency and banking.
  16. Stay safe.
  17. Explore Kampala.
  18. Plan for adventure activities.
  19. Learn about photography guidelines.
  20. Embrace the unexpected.

Research and plan in advance

Before embarking on your journey, research Uganda’s top attractions, climate, and cultural norms. Plan your itinerary accordingly to make the most of your time in the country.

Obtain necessary travel documents

Ensure you have a valid passport with at least six months of validity remaining. Depending on your nationality, you may need a visa to enter Uganda. Check with the Ugandan embassy or consulate in your country for specific requirements.

Vaccinations and health precautions

Consult a healthcare professional or a travel clinic to get up-to-date information on required vaccinations and health precautions for Uganda. Common vaccinations include yellow fever, typhoid, hepatitis A, and malaria prophylaxis.

Travel insurance

Protect yourself against any unforeseen circumstances by purchasing comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical emergencies, trip cancellations, and personal belongings.

Choose the best time to visit

Uganda has a pleasant climate year-round, but the dry seasons (December to February and June to September) are generally considered the best time to visit, as wildlife is more easily spotted. However, if your focus is on gorilla trekking, any time of the year is suitable.

Plan for gorilla trekking

Gorilla trekking is a highlight of any trip to Uganda. Obtain a gorilla trekking permit in advance, as they are limited and often sell out quickly. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park are the two main gorilla trekking destinations in Uganda.

Pack appropriately

Pack lightweight and breathable clothing suitable for Uganda’s warm climate. Include long-sleeved shirts and pants to protect against mosquitoes, especially during the evenings. Don’t forget to pack comfortable shoes, a hat, sunscreen, insect repellent, and a rain jacket.

Respect local customs and traditions

Uganda is a culturally diverse country with various ethnic groups. Respect local customs, traditions, and etiquette. Learn a few basic greetings in the local language, such as “Hello” (ssebo/mudungi) and “Thank you” (webale).

Stay hydrated

Uganda’s climate can be hot and humid, so it’s crucial to stay hydrated. Drink bottled water or use a water purifier to ensure you have safe drinking water throughout your trip.

Engage with local communities

Uganda’s people are known for their warmth and hospitality. Take the time to engage with locals, learn about their way of life, and participate in community-based activities. This will enrich your experience and contribute positively to the local economy.

Wildlife encounters

Uganda is home to diverse wildlife, including the “Big Five.” Observe animals in their natural habitat during game drives in national parks like Queen Elizabeth National Park and Murchison Falls National Park.

Support responsible tourism

Choose tour operators and accommodations that prioritize sustainable and responsible tourism practices. This helps protect Uganda’s natural resources and supports local conservation efforts.


Plan your transportation in advance. Domestic flights, private transfers, and public transportation options are available. Decide on the most convenient and reliable option based on your itinerary and budget.

Learn about local cuisine

Uganda offers a unique culinary experience. Try local dishes such as matooke (steamed green bananas), rolex (chapati filled with eggs and vegetables), and the popular Ugandan street food, samosas.

Currency and banking

The Ugandan shilling (UGX) is the official currency. While credit cards are accepted in larger establishments, it’s advisable to carry cash, especially when visiting more remote areas. ATMs are available in major cities.

Stay safe

As with any travel destination, be vigilant and take necessary precautions. Avoid displaying valuable items, stay informed about your surroundings, and consult local authorities or your accommodation for safety tips.

Explore Kampala

Spend some time exploring Uganda’s vibrant capital city, Kampala. Visit historical sites, markets, museums, and enjoy the lively nightlife. Don’t miss the chance to try the local staple, a cup of Ugandan coffee.

Plan for adventure activities

Uganda offers thrilling adventure activities such as white-water rafting on the Nile, hiking in the Rwenzori Mountains, and zip-lining through the forest canopy. Research and include these activities in your itinerary if you’re seeking an adrenaline rush.

Learn about photography guidelines

Uganda’s stunning landscapes and unique wildlife provide excellent photography opportunities. However, respect the guidelines for photographing wildlife and obtain permission before capturing images of local people.

Embrace the unexpected

Uganda is a country full of surprises and unexpected moments. Embrace the spontaneity of your journey, immerse yourself in the local culture, and create lifelong memories.


Q: Is Uganda safe for travelers?

A: Uganda is generally safe for travelers, but it’s important to take normal safety precautions, such as being aware of your surroundings and avoiding isolated areas at night. Consult travel advisories and follow local guidance for up-to-date information.

Q: Do I need a visa to visit Uganda?

A: Depending on your nationality, you may need a visa to enter Uganda. It’s advisable to check with the Ugandan embassy or consulate in your country for specific visa requirements and application procedures.

Q: What is the currency used in Uganda? Can I use credit cards?

A: The official currency of Uganda is the Ugandan shilling (UGX). While credit cards are accepted in larger establishments such as hotels and restaurants, it’s advisable to carry cash, especially in more remote areas. ATMs are available in major cities.

Q: What vaccinations do I need before visiting Uganda?

A: Vaccinations for diseases like yellow fever, typhoid, hepatitis A, and malaria prophylaxis are recommended for travelers to Uganda. It’s best to consult a healthcare professional or a travel clinic to receive up-to-date information and recommendations based on your personal health history.

Q: How can I obtain a gorilla trekking permit?

A: Gorilla trekking permits, which are limited, can be obtained through the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) or authorized tour operators. It’s advisable to book your permit well in advance, as they tend to sell out quickly, especially during peak seasons.

Q: What is the best time to go gorilla trekking in Uganda?

A: Gorilla trekking can be enjoyed throughout the year in Uganda. The dry seasons, from December to February and June to September, are popular as the trails are less muddy and the gorillas are more easily spotted. However, if gorilla trekking is your main focus, any time of the year can provide a rewarding experience.

Q: Are there any specific etiquette or cultural norms to be aware of in Uganda?

A: Uganda is culturally diverse, so it’s important to respect local customs and traditions. Dress modestly, ask for permission before taking photographs of locals, and learn a few basic greetings in the local language to show respect and foster positive interactions.

Q: Can I drink tap water in Uganda?

A: It’s generally not recommended to drink tap water in Uganda. Stick to bottled water, which is widely available, or use a water purifier to ensure you have safe drinking water throughout your trip.

Q: What are some must-visit national parks in Uganda?

A: Uganda is renowned for its national parks. Some popular ones include Bwindi Impenetrable National Park for gorilla trekking, Queen Elizabeth National Park for wildlife safaris, and Murchison Falls National Park for its impressive waterfall and diverse wildlife.

Q: Are there any unique adventure activities to try in Uganda?

A: Absolutely! Uganda offers thrilling adventure activities such as white-water rafting on the Nile River, hiking in the Rwenzori Mountains, zip-lining through forest canopies, and even bungee jumping over the Nile. These activities provide exhilarating experiences for adventure enthusiasts.